Programme History

Since the early 1960's there has been a staggering over representation of Aboriginal peoples in the Federal and Provincial penal institutions.

In 1991, the Law Reform Commission of Canada released a report confirming systemic inequalities for Aboriginal people within the mainstream Criminal Justice system. Resulting from the report were reform recommendations. The first recommendation was to accommodate Aboriginal people and their experiences within the existing Justice System. The second was the broader development of autonomous Aboriginal Justice Systems (St. Peter, Shari Unpublished paper, OFIFC. Fall 1999).

Following the Law Reform report, a monumental court case titled R. v. Gladue posed to the Supreme Court of Canada the challenge of determining the appropriate interpretation of section 718.2 (e) of the Criminal Code of Canada. The court made a significant ruling stating: When Judges are sentencing an offender, they should take into consideration: (e) all available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal offenders.

The Gladue ruling encourages the courts to address the unique needs of Aboriginal peoples utilizing section 718.2 where appropriate. Resulting from the decision, the implementation of community justice programmes as defined by Aboriginal Communities are being merged into Canadian Criminal Law, such as the Odawa Aboriginal Community Justice Programme.

The OFIFC starting the program Straight from "Terms of Reference" book from the office Vision (from this source): The OACJP will assist in guiding the participant towards self empowerment and personal success, using the traditional teachings as a guide, such as; The Medicine Wheel and The Seven Grandfather Teachings: Respect, Honesty, Truth, Bravery, Love, Humility, and Wisdom.


250 City Centre Avenue, Ottawa, ON, K1R 6K7


OACJP Coordinator Ext. 270

Fax: 613.729.0032


OACJP Justice Assistant Ext. 274


Court House Contact:

Aboriginal Criminal Court Support Worker